Epidural steroid injections are intended to help reduce swelling and inflammation in targeted areas. Types of epidural steroid injections include the following.

Type of Injection Targeted Area/Condition
Cervical epidural steroid injection Pain in the neck, shoulders, and arms caused by a pinched nerve or nerves in the cervical spine
Thoracic epidural steroid injection Upper back pain
Lumbar epidural steroid injection Lower back and radiating leg pain
Caudal epidural steroid injection Pain in the buttocks area

Facet joints are located on both sides of the spine and allow for movement between the vertebrae. There are two types of facet injections: spinal facet injections and cervical facet injections.

Spinal facet injections are a type of spinal injection intended to temporarily block pain signals from the medial nerves. The medial nerves run through the facet joints in the spine.

Cervical facet injections treat pain in the facet joints of the neck.

Genicular nerve ablation is a procedure to relieve pain originating in the genicular nerves. These nerves are sensory nerves located in the knee. This procedure uses a radiofrequency device to ablate (burn) the nerves and break up the pain signal from the knee to the brain.

A trochanteric injection is a minimally invasive procedure that involves injecting medicine directly into the trochanteric bursa in the hip joint using a thin needle and syringe.  The procedure is intended to treat trochanteric bursitis (bursitis of the hip) which is a condition that may cause pain in the outer portion of the upper thigh by reducing inflammation.

An SI joint injection is an injection of medicine into the hip joint, also known as the sacroiliac (SI) joint, to treat pain.  An SI injection may also be used to find the source of pain.  The procedure involves numbing the skin and tissue before inserting a needle into the joint.  Ultrasound or a video X-ray device may be used to guide the needle.

Shoulder joint injections may involve multiple needle approaches depending on the part of the shoulder being treated.  Local anesthetic is administered to numb the tissue at the injection site.

Trigger point injections are intended to reduce or relieve trigger point pain.  Trigger points are small, tender knots in muscles or in the fascia – the soft, stretchy connective tissue that surrounds muscles and organs.

Radial frequency ablation is a simple procedure used to treat chronic pain.  The procedure involves ablating (burning) a part of the nerve to block pain signals.